EXPLORING THE DYNAMICS OF LEADERSHIP, DISCIPLINE, WORKLOAD, AND MOTIVATION FOR IMPROVED PERFORMANCE

Authors

  • Dwi Antoro Suryo Widodo Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Mahardhika
  • Kuswandi Kuswandi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Mahardhika
  • Sri Rahayu Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Mahardhika

Keywords:

Disiplin, Kepemimpinan, Kinerja, Lapas, Motivasi.

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi dinamika kepemimpinan, disiplin, beban kerja, dan motivasi untuk meningkatkan kinerja. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan sampel jenuh sebanyak 79 orang pegawai Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Kelas I Surabaya bagian Pengamanan. Hasil kuesioner yang disebar melalui google form diolah menggunakan program SEM Smart PLS-3. Hasil penelitian sebagai berikut: •Hubungan langsung antar variabel yang berpengaruh signifikan, yaitu: gaya kepemimpinan, disiplin kerja dan beban kerja terhadap motivasi; kemudian disiplin kerja dan beban kerja terhadap kinerja pegawai.  •Hubungan langsung antar variabel yang berpengaruh tidak signifikan, yaitu: gaya kepemimpinan dan motivasi terhadap kinerja pegawai. Sedangkan motivasi itu sendiri tidak dapat memediasi gaya kepemimpinan, disiplin kerja dan beban kerja terhadap kinerja pegawai. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengisi kesenjangan dengan mengkaji hubungan antara gaya kepemimpinan, disiplin kerja, dan beban kerja dengan kinerja pegawai di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan melalui motivasi sebagai variabel intervening. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan pemahaman yang lebih komprehensif tentang faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi kinerja pegawai di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan dan memberikan kontribusi yang signifikan pada pengembangan pengetahuan dalam bidang manajemen sumber daya manusia.

References

B. J. Avolio and F. J. Yammarino, Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead. Emerald Group Publishing, 2013.

I. Buil, E. Martínez, and J. Matute, “Transformational leadership and employee performance: The role of identification, engagement and proactive personality,” Int. J. Hosp. Manag., vol. 77, pp. 64–75, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ijhm.2018.06.014.

N. Ribeiro, İ. Yücel, and D. Gomes, “How transformational leadership predicts employees’ affective commitment and performance,” Int. J. Product. Perform. Manag., vol. 67, no. 9, pp. 1901–1917, 2018, doi: 10.1108/IJPPM-09-2017-0229.

M. Shafi, Zoya, Z. Lei, X. Song, and M. N. I. Sarker, “The effects of transformational leadership on employee creativity: Moderating role of intrinsic motivation,” Asia Pacific Manag. Rev., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 166–176, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.apmrv.2019.12.002.

G. P. Latham and C. C. Pinder, “Work motivation theory and research at the dawn of the twenty-first century,” Annu. Rev. Psychol., vol. 56, pp. 485–516, 2005, doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.142105.

K. M. Hmieleski and R. A. Baron, “Entrepreneurs’ optimism and new venture performance: A social cognitive perspective,” Acad. Manag. J., vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 473–488, 2009, doi: 10.5465/amj.2009.41330755.

P. M. Podsakoff, W. H. Bommer, N. P. Podsakoff, and S. B. MacKenzie, “Relationships between leader reward and punishment behavior and subordinate attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors: A meta-analytic review of existing and new research,” Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process., vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 113–142, 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2005.09.002.

T. A. Judge and R. F. Piccolo, “Transformational and transactional leadership: a meta-analytic test of their relative validity.,” J. Appl. Psychol., vol. 89, no. 5, p. 755, 2004, doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.89.5.755.

A. H. Maslow, A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 1943.

V. H. Vroom, “Work and motivation.,” 1964.

F. E. Fiedler, “A THEORY OF LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS. MCGRAW-HILL SERIES IN MANAGEMENT.,” 1967.

B. M. Bass, “Leadership: Good, better, best,” Organ. Dyn., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 26–40, 1985.

B. F. Skinner, Science and human behavior, no. 92904. Simon and Schuster, 1965.

A. Bandura and R. H. Walters, Social learning theory, vol. 1. Englewood cliffs Prentice Hall, 1977.

R. A. Karasek Jr, “Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign,” Adm. Sci. Q., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 285–308, 1979, doi: 10.2307/2392498.

J. Siegrist, “Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions.,” J. Occup. Health Psychol., vol. 1, no. 1, p. 27, 1996, doi: 10.1037/1076-8998.1.1.27.

K. Lewin, “Field theory and experiment in social psychology: Concepts and methods,” Am. J. Sociol., vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 868–896, 1939.

D. A. Sanggarwati, R. Fitrianty, W. S. A. Tyas, and K. Kuswandi, “Efek Kepemimpinan Transformasional Dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Yang Berdampak Pada Kinerja Karyawan Di PT. Citra Persada Infrastruktur Di Surabaya,” Media Mahard., vol. 19, no. 2, 2021.

K. KUSWANDI, “Korespondensi Effect of Hard Skill, Workload and Technology on Job Satisfaction and Work Productivity At Pt. Delta Jaya Mas Gresik.”

J. R. Hackman and G. R. Oldham, “Motivation through the design of work: Test of a theory,” Organ. Behav. Hum. Perform., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 250–279, 1976, doi: 10.1016/0030-5073(76)90016-7.

F. Herzberg, B. Mausner, and B. B. Snyderman, The motivation to work. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1959.

J. Eichhorn, “Survey research and sampling,” 2022.

M. Sarstedt, C. M. Ringle, and J. F. Hair, “Partial least squares structural equation modeling,” in Handbook of market research, Springer, 2021, pp. 587–632.

S. M. Roni, M. K. Merga, and J. E. Morris, Conducting quantitative research in education. Springer, 2020.

P. Leavy, Research design: Quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, arts-based, and community-based participatory research approaches. Guilford Publications, 2022.

T. Mahfud, M. B. Triyono, P. Sudira, and Y. Mulyani, “The influence of social capital and entrepreneurial attitude orientation on entrepreneurial intentions: the mediating role of psychological capital,” Eur. Res. Manag. Bus. Econ., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 33–39, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.iedeen.2019.12.005.

W. L. Neuman, Basics of social research. 2007.

P. Martin, “Linear regression: An introduction to statistical models,” 2022.

Downloads

Published

2024-05-31

Issue

Section

Articles